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Fault-Ride-Through Strategies for Grid-Tied and Grid-Forming Smart-Transformers Suited for Islanding and Interconnected Operation

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This paper presents two innovative Fault-Ride- Through (FRT) strategies suited for Smart-Transformers (ST) supplying hybrid AC/DC distribution grids within a microgrid environment. The first strategy is suited for ST without a local energy storage, where its Medium Voltage (MV) inverter is operated in grid-tied mode. The proposed approach relies on the voltage sensitivity of resources connected to the ST fed distribution networks aiming to limit the MV inverter current. The second strategy is suited for ST incorporating local energy storage and operating its MV inverter in grid-forming mode, thus enabling islanding operation of a MV grid section. The proposed FRT strategy aims to regulate ST’s output voltage by calculating the maximum voltage drop in the coupling filter in order to control the output current. The proposed strategies are evaluated exploiting appropriated simulation models and extensive operating conditions.

Author(s):

Justino Rodrigues    
INESC TEC
Portugal

Carlos Moreira    
DEEC - FEUP
Portugal

João Lopes    
DEEC - FEUP
Portugal

 

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