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Modeling Frequency Response Dynamics in Power System Scheduling

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Since wind turbines or photovoltaic (PV) panels are generally connected to the power grid by power electronic inverters, the power system inertia is gradually decreasing along with the growing share of renewable energy. This jeopardizes the system frequency response dynamics so that the corresponding frequency security issue is becoming the bottle-neck factor that restricts the development of high renewable energy penetration. Consequently, power system scheduling models need to incorporate frequency dynamics. The difficulty lies in how to formulate the frequency security constraints from the perspective of hourly load-generation balance since the frequency dynamics have a shorter time scale (5~30s). Several modeling methods have been proposed based on different assumptions and simplifications. However, their accuracy is not clear. We first propose a novel method to formulate linear frequency security constraints, which considers more details of frequency response dynamics. Then, an evaluation methodology is designed to quantify the accuracy of those frequency constraints. Using this evaluation method, we compare two typical methods in recent literature with the proposed method. The results show the effectiveness and superiority of our proposed method.

Author(s):

Ziyang Zhang    
Tsinghua University
China

Ershun Du    
Tsinghua University
China

Guiping Zhu    
Tsinghua University
China

Ning Zhang    
Tsinghua University
China

Chongqing Kang    
Tsinghua University
China

Minhui Qian    
China Electric Power Research Institute
China

João P. S. Catalão    
FEUP and INESC TEC
Portugal

 

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