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Closing the Loop: Dynamic State Estimation and Feedback Optimization of Power Grids

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This paper considers the problem of online feedback optimization to solve the AC Optimal Power Flow in real-time in power grids. This consists in continuously driving the controllable power injections and loads towards the optimal set-points in timevarying conditions based on real-time measurements performed on the grid. However, instead of assuming noise-free full state measurement like in recently proposed feedback optimization schemes, we connect a dynamic State Estimation using available measurements, and study its dynamic interaction with the optimization scheme. We certify stability of this interconnection and the convergence in expectation of the state estimate and the control inputs towards the true state values and optimal set-points respectively. Additionally, we bound the resulting stochastic error. Finally, we show the effectiveness of the approach on a test case using high resolution consumption data.

Author(s):

Miguel Picallo    
ETH Zurich
Switzerland

Saverio Bolognani    
ETH Zurich
Switzerland

Florian Dörfler    
ETH Zurich
Switzerland

 

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