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Probabilistic State Forecasting and Optimal Voltage Control in Distribution Grids under Uncertainty

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Nowadays, the uncertainty in distribution systems rises, notably due to an increasing share of solar panels and electric vehicles whose power production and consumption are characterized by a high volatility. This poses challenges to distribution system operators to ensure stable and secure operation of their grid. Hence, an optimal integration of these distributed energy resources in real-time control schemes inevitably relies on appropriate forecasts of the near-future system state. This paper investigates the short-term probabilistic state prediction of lowvoltage grids for operation purposes. The performance of two quantile forecasting algorithms is evaluated for different levels of distributed energy resources penetration and availability of measurements. Quantile forecasts are finally integrated into the framework of an optimization problem that aims at minimizing the costs associated with overvoltages by suitable solar power curtailment. The advantages of quantile forecasts considering different imbalance prices are demonstrated.

Author(s):

Thierry Zufferey    
Power Systems Laboratory, ETH Zurich
Switzerland

Sandro Renggli    
Power Systems Laboratory, ETH Zurich
Switzerland

Gabriela Hug    
Power Systems Laboratory, ETH Zurich
Switzerland

 

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